Page 21 - Microsoft Word - Final TBI Full report 9-7-2012.doc

Traumatic Brain Injury
Occurrence and Mortality in New Hampshire
NH DPHS, Injury Surveillance Program
September 2012
21
TBI Emergency Department Hospital Discharges by Cause
Table 10a: ED Discharges for TBI by Cause and Year
2001-2009
INJURY_CAUSE1_DSC 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total Percent
Fall
2602 2754 2944 3144 3621 3849 4448 4709 5646 33717 44.02%
Struck by or against
1622 1628 1757 1880 2105 2322 2460 2535 3067 19376 25.30%
Motor vehicle traffic
1133 1150 1321 1387 1519 1593 1558 1469 1636 12766 16.67%
Transport - other
206 195 213 233 236 200 229 221
260 1993 2.60%
Pedal cyclist - other
176 192 179 215 202 211 220 187
295 1877 2.45%
Other
678 551 561 547 684 800 946 397
672 5836 7.62%
Cut/pierce
24
26
28 43 47 54 56 37
48
363 0.47%
Natural/environmental
15
23
11 26 25 18 24 29
29
200 0.26%
Machinery
12
6
12 14 15 6 10 11
19
105 0.14%
Overexertion
10
8
5 8 10 11 6 15
20
93 0.12%
Adverse effects
11
8
4 2 5 9 6 7
12
64 0.08%
Pedestrian - other
9
6
5 7 4 9 6 7
11
64 0.08%
Poisoning
5
2
4 8 6 7 6 9
6
53 0.07%
Firearm
5
1
2 1 3 6 8 5
4
35 0.05%
Drowning/submersion
4
4
6 1 6 3 2 3
1
30 0.04%
Fire or hot
object/substance
1
4 5 1 4 1 1
1
18 0.02%
Suffocation
2
1
2
2
1
8 0.01%
Total 6514 6556 7056 7521 8491 9102 9988 9642 11728
76598 100%
Table 10b: Age-Adjusted Rate of ED Discharges for TBI by Cause of Injury, 2001-
2009
(
rates based on fewer than 20 total events excluded)
Age Group
Fall
Motor
vehicle
traffic
Other
Pedal
cyclist
-
other
Struck
by or
against
Transport
-
other
0
To 4
238.9
5.2 15.8
2.9 62.5
1.3
05
To 14
75.6
9.6 10.8 14.3 70.4
6.6
15
To 24
66.1
80.1 30.4
6.3 98.8
10.5
25
To 34
40.8
42.0 20.6
1.8 47.1
5.6
35
To 44
38.1
25.5 14.1
2.1 28.9
3.6
45
To 54
40.0
19.1
9.7
2.1 18.2
2.6
55
To 64
47.7
14.0
6.8
1.4 10.8
1.4
65
To 74
75.4
12.8
7.3
0.9
7.8
0.8
75
To 84
159.6
11.7 12.5
0.2
8.8
1.1
85
Plus
316.6
7.8 20.0
0.4
9.6
0.5
Most ED discharges for TBI are for falls of young children (ages 0 to 4) and the elderly
(
ages 75 and older). The second most common TBI ED discharges are for being “struck
by or against” in ages 0 to 24 years, followed by motor vehicle crashes in the 15 to 24
year old age group.